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Material Safety Data Sheet for Ferric Chloride

 

IDENTIFICATION

SUBSTANCE: Ferric Chloride, solution (PC 199 Etchant)

SYNONYMS: Iron Chloride, Iron ( III ) Chloride

CAS #: 7705-08-0

FORMULA:  FeCl3

CHEMICAL FAMILY: Inorganic Acidic Salt, solution

MANUFACTURER: Gulbrandsen Co, Inc.

                                    PO Box 508

                                    Milford, NJ 08848

PRODUCT INFORMATION: (908) 995-7759

TRANSPORTATION EMERGENCY (CHEMTREC): (800) 424-9300

 

INGREDIENTS

INGREDIENT CAS # PERCENTAGE
Water 7732-18-5 55-73%
Ferric Chloride 7705-08-0 27-45%
Hydrochloric Acid 7647-01-0 < 1%

ALL INGREDIENTS ARE LISTED IN THE TSCA CHEMICAL SUBSTANCE INVENTORY

 

PHYSICAL DATA

BOILING POINT: 106 C ( 223 F )

pH: < 1

MELTING POINT: -50 C ( -58 F )

SOLUBILITY IN WATER: Complete

SPECIFIC GRAVITY: 1.3 - 1.5

VAPOR PRESSURE: 40 MM hG @ 35 C

% VOLATILE: 55 - 73% (water)

EVAPORATION RATE: none found

FORM: Liquid

MOLECULAR WEIGHT: 162.2

COLOR: Orange-brown

ODOR: Slightly Acrid

 

FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS

FLASH POINT: not applicable

 

 FLAMMABLE LIMITS IN AIR

UFL: not applicable

LFL: not applicable (% by volume)

SPECIAL FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS: None

EXTINGUISHING MEDIA: Will not burn; use materials appropriate for surrounding fire

SPECIAL FIRE FIGHTING INSTRUCTIONS: Cool exposed tanks with water

 

REACTIVITY

STABILITY: Stable

DECOMPOSITION: Will not occur

POLYMERIZATION: Will not occur

INCOMPATIBILITY: Rapidly corrodes most metals ( Titanium is one exception ); may generate flammable, potentially explosive Hydrogen gas. Avoid contact with nylon, aluminum/aluminum alloys, carbon steel, stainless steel, and copper/copper alloys.

 

HEALTH HAZARDS

EXPOSURE LIMITS: Not specifically regulated as toxic or hazardous by OSHA. The ACGIH TLV for mists or dusts of soluble iron salts is 1 mg/m3 as FE (8 hour time-weighted average). TLV for hydrochloric acid is 7.5 mg/m3 ( ceiling ).

Toxic effects in animals from repeated exposure by ingestion include reduced weight gain, elevated serum iron levels, increased red blood cell counts, and iron deposition in many organs. Tests in bacterial and mammalian cell cultures demonstrate no genetic damage. Animal tests demonstrate no carcinogenicity.

Human health effects of overexposure by eye contact may include discoloration of eye tissues, eye irritation and discomfort, tearing and blurring of vision, or eye corrosion with corneal or conjuctival ulceration. Skin contact may cause skin irritation with discomfort or rash, skin burns, or ulceration. Ferric Chloride has been infrequently associated with skin sensitization in humans. Overexposure by inhalation may result in irritation of the upper respiratory passages with coughing. Ingestion may cause corrosive damage to the GI tract. Repeated ingestion of sub-lethal doses may lead to excessive deposition in the tissues accompanied by pancreatic and liver damage.

Ingestion in higher doses may lead to abnormal liver function with nausea or vomiting, reduced appetite, abdominal pain, lethargy, tarry stools, diarrhea, fast and weak pulse, hypertension, dehydration, acidosis, and coma. Temporary alteration of the heart's electrical activity may result in irregular pulse, palpitations, or inadequate circulation. If death does not occur immediately, symptoms may clear in a few hours but return within a day with cyanosis, pulmonary edema, shock, convulsions, acidosis, fever, and death.

Individuals with pre-existing diseases of the liver may have increased susceptibility to the toxicity of repeated exposures.

CARCINOGENICITY: None of the components of this material are listed as a carcinogen by IARC, NTP, OSHA, or ACGIH.

 

FIRST AID

EYE: Immediately flush eyes for 15 minutes with plenty of water. Call a physician.

SKIN: Flush skin with water. Remove contaminated clothing; wash before reuse.

INHALATION: Remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Call a physician.

INGESTION: DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Give large quantities of water, then an antacid. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious individual. Call a physician.

 

PERSONAL PROTECTION

Adequate general ventilation should be provided to keep vapor and mists below exposure limits.

Wear safety glasses with side shields. Wear a face shield if possibility of material splashing or spraying exists. Where there is possibility of skin contact, use the following as appropriate: gloves impervious to material, apron, boots, hood, pants, and jacket. Wear a NIOSH/OSHA approved respirator with a dust/mist cartridge if there is potential of exposure to mists in excess of applicable limits.

 

SPILL / LEAK PROCEDURE

Review safety precautions before proceeding with cleanup. Use appropriate personal protection equipment.

Neutralize spill with lime (calcium hydroxide), limestone (calcium carbonate), or soda ash (sodium carbonate). CAUTION: limestone and soda ash will evolve CO2: ventilation should be provided in enclosed areas. Dike area around spill to prevent spreading; and use absorbent material to pick up spill.

 

CERCLA REPORTABLE DISCHARGE

1000 lbs.

 

DISPOSAL

Under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act ( RCRA ), it is the responsibility of the user to determine whether a substance should be classified as a hazardous waste at the time of disposal. This is due to the fact that product use, transformation, synthesis, mixtures, etc. may change the nature of the product. Dispose of waste in accordance with applicable federal, state, and local laws.

 

SHIPPING INFORMATION

 DOT

PROPER SHIPPING NAME: Ferric Chloride solution

HAZARD CLASS: Class 8

UN/NA #: UN 2582

DOT LABELS: Corrosive

DOT PLACARDS:  Corrosive

PACKAGING GROUP: III

 

IMO

PROPER SHIPPING NAME: Ferric Chloride solution

HAZARD CLASS: Corrosive material, 8

UN #: 2582

IMO LABEL: Corrosive

PACKAGING GROUP: III

REPORTABLE QUANTITY: 1000 lbs.

SHIPPING CONTAINERS: Rubber-lined steel tank cars/trucks; polyethylene drums, bottles

STORAGE CONDITIONS: Keep containers closed

 

TITLE III HAZARD CLASSIFICATIONS

ACUTE: Yes

CHRONIC:  No

FIRE: No

REACTIVITY: No

PRESSURE:  No

EXTREMELY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE: No

CERCLA HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE:  Yes

TOXIC CHEMICAL:  No

CANADIAN WHMIS CLASSIFICATION:  E

 

NFPA/HMIS RATINGS

HEALTH: 3

FLAMMABILITY: 0

REACTIVITY: 0

Personal protection rating to be supplied by user depending on use conditions

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION AND REFERENCES

This Material Safety Data Sheet refers only to the specific material designated herein, and does not relate to use in combination with any other material or in any process.

MSDS compiled by: Christopher Reed Revised: 11-93 Supersedes: 08-93

ALL INGREDIENTS ARE LISTED IN THE TSCA CHEMICAL SUBSTANCE INVENTORY 

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FAX

631-563-3389

Postal address

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Electronic mail

General Information: injectorall@mindspring.com

Copyright 2003 Injectorall Electronics Corp.

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