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MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET FOR ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL

 

 

I.   CHEMICAL PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

 

Product Name: ISOPROPANOL ANHYDROUS, USP

Chemical Name: Isopropyl Alcohol

Chemical Family: Alcohols

Formula: (CH3)2 CHOH

Synonym: ISOPROPANOL, ANHYDROUS, USP, ISOPROPANOL, ANHYDROUS SEMI­ CONDUCTOR GRADE, dimethyl carbinol, 2-Propanol

EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBER: For all transportation accidents, call CHEMTREC at 800-424-9300

Effective Date: 1/1/2004

 

II.    COMPOSITION INFORMATION

Component                  CAS#                        Amount
lsopropanol                                        67-63-0                                         <100%

 

III.  HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

 

 

3.1 EMERGENCY OVERVIEW

 

Appearance: Transparent colorless

 

Physical State: Liquid

 

Odor: Slight ethanol/acetone-like

 

Hazards of product: WARNING! FLAMMABLE. CAUSES EYE IRRITATION. MAY CAUSE DIZZINESS AND DROWSINESS.

 

3.2 POTENTIAL HEALTH EFFECTS

 

Effects of Single Acute Overexposure

 

Inhalation: High concentrations of vapor may cause central nervous system depression, with weakness, drowsiness, and loss of consciousness. Vapor causes irritation of the respiratory tract, with coughing and chest discomfort.

 

Eye Contact: Causes irritation, experienced as stinging and discomfort or pain. Corneal injury may occur.

Skin Contact: May cause minor irritation with itching and possible slight local redness. Prolonged or repeated contact may cause defatting and drying of the skin.

 

Skin Absorption: Exposure to small quantities is not expected to cause adverse health effects. Widespread or prolonged exposure may result in the absorption of harmful amounts of material, particularly in infants, leading to signs and symptoms as described for swallowing.

Swallowing: Slightly toxic. May cause dizziness, faintness, drowsiness, decreased awareness and responsiveness, lack of coordination, abdominal discomfort, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.

 

Chronic, Prolonged or Repeated Overexposure

Effects of Repeated Overexposure: Prolonged or repeated skin exposure may cause defatting of the skin.

Other Effects of Overexposure: None currently known.

Medical Conditions Aggravated by Exposure: Skin contact may aggravate an existing dermatitis.

 

IV.   FIRST AID PROCEDURES

 

4.1    INHALATION: Remove to fresh air. Give artificial respiration if not breathing. If breathing is difficult, oxygen may be given by qualified personnel. Obtain medical attention.

 

4.2    EYE CONTACT: Immediately flush eyes with water and continue washing for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if worn. Obtain medical attention

 

4.3    SKIN CONTACT: Remove contaminated clothing. Wash skin with soap and water. If irritation persists or if contact has been prolonged, obtain medical attention.

 

4.4    SWALLOWING: If patient is fully conscious, give two glasses of water. Induce vomiting. This should be done only by medical or experienced first-aid personnel. Obtain medical attention.

 

4.5    NOTES TO PHYSICIAN: There is no specific antidote. Treatment of overexposure should be directed at the control of symptoms and the clinical condition of the patient.

 

V.     FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES

 

5.1    FLAMMABLE PROPERTIES

Flash Point - Closed Cup: Tag Closed Cup ASTM D 56 12 0C 53 0F

Flash Point - Open Cup: Tag Open Cup ASTMD 1310 170C 63 0F

Autoignition Temperature: Not currently available.

Flammable Limits In Air:

       Lower  2.0 %(V)

       Upper  12.7 %(V) 200 0F

5.2    EXTINGUISHING MEDIA: Extinguish fires with water spray or apply alcohol-type or all-purpose-type foam by manufacturers recommended techniques for large fires. Use carbon dioxide or dry chemical media for small fires.

 

5.3    EXTINGUISHING MEDIA TO AVOID: No information currently available.

 

5.4    SPECIAL FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES: Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers and structures. Use water spray to disperse vapors; re­ignition is possible.

 

5.5    SPECIAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT FOR FIREFIGHTERS: Use self- contained breathing apparatus and protective clothing.

 

5.6    UNUSUAL FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS: Vapors form from this product and may travel or be moved by air currents and ignited by pilot lights, other flames, smoking, sparks, heaters, electrical equipment, static discharges or other ignition sources at locations distant from product handling point.  Vapors from this material may settle in low or confined areas or travel a long distance to an ignition source and flash back explosively.  Static ignition hazard can result from handling and use. Electrically bond and ground all containers, personnel and equipment before transfer or use of material. Use proper bonding and grounding during product transfer as described in National Fire Protection Association Document NFPA 77.

 

This material may produce a floating fire hazard.

Flame may be invisible. Approach fire with caution.

 

5.7 HAZARDOUS COMBUSTION PRODUCTS: Burning can produce the following products: Carbon monoxide and/or carbon dioxide. Carbon monoxide is highly toxic if inhaled; carbon dioxide in sufficient concentrations can act as an asphyxiant

 

VI.   ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

 

Steps to be taken if Material is Released or Spilled:  Extinguish and do not turn on any ignition source until the area is determined to be free from fire or explosion hazard. Small spills can be flushed with large amounts of water-~ larger spills should be collected for disposal.

 

Personal Precautions: Avoid contact with eyes. Wear suitable protective equipment.

 

 

VII.  HANDLING AND STORAGE

 

General Handling: Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Avoid contact with eyes.  Keep container closed. Use with adequate ventilation.  Vapor forms from this product and may travel or be moved by air currents and ignited by pilot lights, other flames, smoking, sparks, heaters, electrical equipment, static discharges or other ignition sources at locations distant from product handling point and may flash back explosively.

Wash thoroughly after handling.  FOR INDUSTRY USE ONLY.

 

Ventilation: General (mechanical) room ventilation is expected to be satisfactory where this product is stored and handled in closed equipment. Special, local ventilation is needed at points where vapors can be expected to escape to the workplace air.

 

Other Precautions: Vapor may settle in low or confined areas, or travel a long distance to an ignition source and flash back explosively.

STORAGE: Store in grounded fireproof cabinets.

 

VIII.    EXPOSURE CONTROLS AND PERSONAL PROTECTION

 

8.1 EXPOSURE LIMITS

 

Component              Exposure Limits                                     Skin                 Form

 

Isopropanol            400 ppm W/A8 ACGIH

                               983 mg/m3 TWA8 ACGIH

                               1230 mg/m3 STEL ACGIH

                               500 ppm STELACGIH

                               400 ppm TWA8 OSHA

                               980 mg/m3 TWA8 OSHA

Isopropanol            1225 mg/m3 STEL OSHA-Vacated

                               500 ppm STEL OSHA-Vacated

 

In the Exposure Limits Chart above, if there is no specific qualifier (L e., Aerosol) listed in the Form Column for a particular limit~, the listed limit includes all airborne forms of the substance that can be inhaled.

 

A “Yes”  in the Skin Column indicates a potential significant contribution to overall exposure by the skin route, including mucous membranes and the eyes, either by contact with vapors or by direct skin contact with the substance. A “Blank” in the Skin Column indicates that exposure by the skin route is not a potential significant contributor to overall exposure.

 

 

8.2 PERSONAL PROTECTION

 

Respiratory Protection: Use self-contained breathing apparatus in high vapor concentrations.

 

Ventilation:  General (mechanical) room ventilation is expected to be satisfactory where this product is stored and handled in closed equipment. Special, local ventilation is needed at points where vapors can be expected to escape to the workplace air.

 

Eye Protection: Monogoggles.

 

Protective Gloves: Plastic, Rubber

 

Other Protective Equipment: Eye Bath, Safety Shower

 

8.3 ENGINEERING CONTROLS

 

PROCESS HAZARD: Sudden release of hot organic chemical vapors or mists from process equipment operating at elevated temperature and pressure, or sudden ingress of air into hot equipment under a vacuum, may result in ignitions without the presence of obvious ignition sources. Published “autoignition” or “ignition” temperature values cannot be treated as safe operating temperatures in chemical processes without analysis of the actual process conditions. Any use of this product in elevated-temperature processes should be thoroughly evaluated to establish and maintain safe operating conditions.

 

 

IX.   PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

 

Physical State: Liquid

Appearance: Transparent colorless

pH: Not currently available.

Solubility in Water (by weight): 20 0C   100 %

Odor:  Slight ethanol/acetone-like

Flash Point - Closed Cup: Tag Closed Cup ASTM D 56 120C 530F

Flash Point - Open Cup: Tag Open Cup ASTMD 1310 17 0C 63 0F

Percent Volatiles: 100 Wt%

Molecular Weight: 60.10 g/mol

Liquid Density: 20 0C 6.5475 g/cm3

Boiling Point (760 mmHg): 82.3 0C 180.1 0F

Freezing Point: -89 0C       -127 0F

Specific Gravity (H2O = 1): 0.787  20 0C /20 0C

Vapor Pressure at 200C: 4.4 kPa  33 mmHg

Vapor Density (air = 1): 2.1

Evaporation Rate (Butyl Acetate = 1): 2.9

Melting Point: Not applicable.

 

X.     STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

 

10.1 STABILITY/INSTABILITY: Stable

 

Incompatible Materials: Strong oxidizing agents. Halogens. Strong inorganic acids. Aldehydes. Halogen compounds.

 

10.2 HAZARDOUS POLYMERIZATION: Will not occur.

 

10.3 INHIBITORS/STABILIZERS: Not applicable.

 

 

XI.   TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

 

ACUTE TOXICITY

 

Peroral: Rat LD5O 6.48 (4.80 - 8.76) mI/kg

 

Major Signs: unsteady gait, prostration, and heavy breathing

Gross Pathology: lungs and abdominal viscera discolored

 

Percutaneous:   Rabbit LD5O 24 hr occluded 8.0 (4.9 - 13.1) mI/kg

 

Gross Pathology: lungs, liver, stomach discolored

 

Inhalation: static generation of vapor Exposure Time 2 h

Rabbit

Room temperature

Mortality:  4/6

Major Signs: lacrimation, loss of coordination, prostration

Gross Pathology: lungs discolored

 

Inhalation: dynamic generation of vapor Exposure Time 4 h 12000 ppm Rabbit

Mortality:   0/12

Major Signs: prostration

Gross Pathology: lungs, kidneys and liver discolored

 

Inhalation: dynamic generation of vapor Exposure Time 8 h 12000 ppm

Rabbit

Mortality:    8/12

Major Signs: prostration

Gross Pathology: lungs, kidneys and liver discolored

 

Inhalation: dynamic generation of vapor Exposure Time 8 h 8000 ppm

Rabbit

Mortality:   0/12

Major Signs: prostration

Gross Pathology: lungs, kidneys and liver discolored

 

Inhalation: static generation of vapor Exposure Time 4 h

Rabbit

Room temperature

Mortality:   6/6

Major Signs: lacrimation, loss of coordination, prostration

Gross Pathology: lungs discolored

 

Inhalation: static generation of vapor Exposure Time I h Rabbit

Room temperature

Mortality:    0/6

Major Signs: lacrimation, loss of coordination, prostration

Gross Pathology: lungs discolored

 

IRRITATION

 

Skin:    Rabbit 24 hr uncovered no irritation

Eye:    Rabbit 0.02 ml moderate corneal injury

 

SIGNIFICANT DATA WITH POSSIBLE RELEVANCE TO HUMANS

 

The following is a summary of TSCA Section 4 Test Rule results: Large doses (>800 mg/kg/day) of lsopropanol given orally to pregnant rats during the critical period of gestation produced slight decreases in fetal weight. These doses also caused evidence of toxicity in the mothers. Oral doses as high as 480 mg/kg/day caused evidence of toxicity in pregnant rabbits but did not produce evidence of embryo or fetal toxicity. lsopropanol did not produce an increased incidence of malformations (teratogenicity) in either species. An indication of reduced mating performance in 2nd generation male rats was noted at oral doses of 1000 mg/kg/day in a two-generation reproductive study. Increased neonatal mortality was also seen at doses of 500 mg/kg/day and greater in this study. No evidence of neurotoxic effects was observed in studies specifically designed to assess neurobehavioral functions in neonatal rats after oral dosing of mothers during gestation and lactation. In an acute vapor inhalation study, high concentrations of lsopropanol (1500 ppm and greater) caused a spectrum of transient effects indicative of narcosis. In repeated inhalation exposure studies, high vapor concentrations (5000 ppm) produced an increase in motor activity in rats first noted after 4 weeks of exposure. The effect was reversible completely resolving within 14 days after 13 weeks of exposure. No evidence of damage to nerve tissue was seen in this study. Lifetime exposure of laboratory animals to high concentrations of lsopropanol vapor (greater than 1500 ppm) exacerbated chronic progressive nephropathy commonly seen in aged animals. The relevance of this finding to human health hazard evaluation is unknown. No evidence suggestive of carcinogenic activity was noted in chronic vapor inhalation studies with lsopropanol in rats and mice.

 

XII.  ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

 

12.1 ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

 

BOD (% Oxygen consumption)

Day 5          Day 10         Day 15           Day 2O          Day 3O

                                  28%          77%                                 78%

 

12.2 ECOTOXICITY

 

Toxicity to Microorganisms: Bacterial/NA lC5O 5000 mg/I

Toxicity to Aquatic Invertebrates: Daphnia LC5O 48 h 7550 mg/I

Toxicity to Fish: Fathead Minnow LC5O 96 h 8300 mg/I

 

 

12.3 FURTHER INFORMATION

 

THOD (measured) 2.30 mg/mg

THOD (calculated) 2.40 mg/mg

Octanoli/Water Partition Coefficient - Measured: 0.14

 

XIII.    DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

 

13.1 WASTE DISPOSAL METHOD: Incinerate in a furnace where permitted under Federal, State, and local regulations. Dispose in accordance with all applicable Federal, State, and local environmental regulations. Empty containers should be recycled or disposed of through an approved waste management facility.

 

 

13.2  DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS: At very low concentrations in water, this product is biodegradable in a biological wastewater treatment plant.

 

XIV.    TRANSPORT INFORMATION

 

14.1 U.S. D.O.T.

 

NON-BULK

Proper Shipping Name: ISOPROPANOL

ID Number: UN1219

Hazard Class : 3

Packing Group: PG II

 

BULK

Proper Shipping Name: ISOPROPANOL

ID Number: UN1219

Hazard Class : 3

Packing Group: PG Il

 

This information is not intended to convey all specific regulatory or operational requirements/information relating to this product. Additional transportation system information can be obtained through an authorized sales or customer service representative. It is the responsibility of the transporting organization to follow all applicable laws, regulations and rules relating to the transportation of the material

 

XV. REGULATORY INFORMATION

 

15.1 FEDERAL/NATIONAL

 

COMPREHENSIVE ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSE. COMPENSATION. AND LIABILITY ACT OF 1980 SECTION 103 (CERCLA)

 

The following components of this product are specifically listed as hazardous substances in 40 CFR 302.4 (unlisted hazardous substances are not identified) and are present at levels which could require reporting:  None.

 

SUPERFUND AMENDMENTS AND REAUTHORIZATION ACT OF 1986 (SARA) TITLE Ill SECTIONS 302 AND 304

 

The following components of this product are listed as extremely hazardous substances in 40 CFR Part 355 and are present at levels which could require reporting and emergency planning: None.

 

SUPERFUND AMENDMENTS AND REAUTHORIZATION ACT OF 1986 (SARA) TITLE Ill SECTION 313

 

The following components of this product are listed as toxic chemicals in 40 CFR 372.65 and are present at levels which could require reporting and customer notification under Section 313 and 40 CFR Part 372: This product does not contain toxic chemicals at levels that require reporting under the statute.

 

 

 

 

SUPERFUND AMENDMENTS AND REAUTHORIZATION ACT OF 1986 (SARA) TITLE Ill SECTIONS 311 AND 312

Delayed Hazard: Yes

Fire Hazard: Yes

Immediate Health Hazard: Yes

Reactive Hazard: No

Sudden Release of Pressure Hazard: No

 

TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT (TSCA)

 

All components of this product are on the TSCA Inventory or are exempt from TSCA Inventory requirements.

 

EUROPEAN INVENTORY OF EXISTING COMMERCIAL CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES (EINECS)

The component of this product is on the EINECS inventory.

 

CEPA - DOMESTIC SUBSTANCES LIST (DSL)

The component of this product is on the DSL.

 

15.2 STATE/LOCAL

 

PENNSYLVANIA (WORKER AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW ACT)

 

This product is subject to the Worker and Community Right-to-Know Act. The following components of this product are at levels that could require identification in the MSDS:

 

       Component                 CAS#             Amount
     
lsopropanol                 67-63-0       <=
100.0000%

 

MASSACHUSETTS (HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES DISCLOSURE BY EMPLOYERS)

 

The following components of this product appear on the Massachusetts Substance List and are present at levels that could require identification in the MSDS:

       Component                  CAS#             Amount
      
lsopropanol                 
67-63-0    <=100.0000%

 

CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 65 (SAFE DRINKING WATER AND TOXIC ENFORCEMENT ACT OF 1986)

 

This product contains no listed substances known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm, at levels that would require a warning under the statute.

 

CALIFORNIA SCAQMD RULE 443.1 (SOUTH COAST AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT DISTRICT RULE 443.1 LABELING OF MATERIALS CONTAINING ORGANIC SOLVENTS)

 

VOC:  785 g/l Vapor pressure 33 mmHg @ 200 C

 

This section provides selected regulatory in formation on this product including its components. This is not intended to include all regulations. It is the responsibility of the user to know and comply with all applicable rules, regulations and laws relating to the product being used.

  

XVI.  OTHER INFORMATION

 

16.1 AVAILABLE LITERATURE AND BROCHURES: ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: There may be additional product safety information on this product, which may be obtained by calling your Injectorall Electronics Corporation Sales or Customer Service Contact.

 

16.2 SPECIFIC HAZARD RATING SYSTEM

 

HMIS ratings for this product are: H-2  F-3  S-0

 

NFPA ratings for this product are: H-2   F-3   S-0

 

These ratings are part of specific hazard communications program(s) and should be disregarded where individuals are not trained in the use of these hazard-rating systems. You should be familiar with the hazard communication applicable to your workplace.

 

16.3 RECOMMENDED USES AND RESTRICTIONS: FOR INDUSTRY USE ONLY

 

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Telephone

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FAX

631-563-3389

Postal address

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Electronic mail

General Information: injectorall@mindspring.com

Copyright © 2003 Injectorall Electronics Corp.

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